Frank M. Monninger ’49 of Sequim, Wash., died on November 6, 2010. Born in 1924 in Provo, Utah, Frank grew up in Berkeley, Calif., and later moved to Denver, where he graduated from East Denver High School. He spent one year at Mines before enlisting in the Army Air Corps’ 8th Air Force. During World War II he flew 30 missions as a navigator in B-17s stationed in England. Toward the end of the war, he became involved with a program to develop SHORAN, an experimental system that was designed to ensure accurate bombing during inclement weather. Experimental flights put him in Paris, France, on V-E Day. After the war, he returned to finish his professional degree in metallurgical engineering at Mines. Frank was a member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. He spent his entire career in the mining industry working for several companies, including a five-year post in Chuquicamata, Chile, working for the Anaconda company. Frank was promoted to president of Montana operations for Anaconda and received an honorary degree in metallurgical engineering from Montana Tech in 1973. A member of the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America and the American Institute of Mining Engineering, he also operated as an independent consultant for several years. Frank is survived by his wife of 64 years, Trella; son, Steve; daughter, Kathy; one grandson; and one great-granddaughter.